Should Injuries—What's Normal? Part 1
James B. Talmage
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Robert B. Snyder
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J. Willis Oglesby
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Abstract

Shoulder injuries can present a puzzling picture for physicians. It is important to understand how biases affect physicians when they are making decisions regarding shoulder surgery. This article discusses what can be considered “normal” for shoulder function, how to determine when surgery is and is not indicated, and what might delay return to work in workers' compensation cases.

Contributor Notes

This article was originally published in the Tennessee AdMIRable Review, Summer 2023 issue, and has been updated and modified with permission from the authors. Permission provided by the Tennessee Bureau of Workers' Compensation to republish in the AMA Guides Newsletter.

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