Chapter 11: Ear, Nose, Throat, and Related Structures

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Updates to AMA Guides Sixth Edition 2023

AMA Guides Sixth 2023 Errata (link)   

Chapter 11: Ear, Nose, Throat, and Related Structures

  • 11.2g Equilibrium 
    • Inclusion of videonystagmography
    • Addition of Rotary Chair Testing 
  • 11.4b Mastication and Deglutition 
    • Text added: Dysphagia may be caused by structural, neuromuscular, neoplastic and other maladies. Oropharyngeal tumors must be ruled out and may occur even in young people, especially in association with human papilloma virus (HPV) infection
    • New dysphagia example
  • 1.

    American Academy of Otolaryngology Committee on Hearing and Equilibrium and American Council of Otolaryngology Committee on the Medical Aspects of Noise. Guide for the evaluation of hearing handicap. JAMA. 1979;241:20552059.

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  • 2.

    Sataloff RT, Sataloff J. Occupational Hearing Loss. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis; 2006.

  • 3.

    Glorig A, Roberts J. Hearing Levels of Adults by Age and Sex: United States, 1960–1962. Washington, DC: National Center for Health Services Research and Development, US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare; 1965. DHEW-PUB-1000-SER-11-11.

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  • 4.

    American National Standards Institute. American National Standards Specification for Audiometers. ANSI Standard S3.6-1996. New York, NY: American National Standards Institute; 1996.

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  • 5.

    Mandel S, Sataloff RT, Schapiro S. Minor Head Trauma: Assessment, Management and Rehabilitation. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 1993.

  • 6.

    National Center for Health Statistics. Hearing Status and Ear Examinations: Findings Among Adults. United States, 1960–1962. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, No. 32. Washington, DC, US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare; 1968.

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  • p. 282 7.

    Newman CW, Jacobson GP, Spitzer JB. Development of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1996;122:143148.

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  • 8.

    Physician's Guide to Medical Practice in California Workers' Compensation System. Industrial Medical Council, State of California, 1994;3:37.

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  • 9.

    Shepard NT, Telian SA. Practical Management of the Balance Disorder Patient. San Diego, Calif: Singular Publishing Group; 1996:33168.

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    Presents the basics of vestibular system function, clinical diagnosis, treatment planning, and rehabilitation of vestibular disorders. The discussion of normative data is helpful.

  • 10.

    Barbarh O, Stockwell GW. Manual of Electronystagmography. St Louis, Mo: CV Mosby; 1976.

  • 11.

    Herdman SJ. Vestibular Rehabilitation. Philadelphia, Pa: FA Davis; 1994:47–180, 206242.

    A presentation of vestibular function, adaptation, assessment, and medical management of vestibular disorders. A chapter on the assessment and treatment of vestibular deficits in children with developmental disorders is included.

  • 12.

    Goebel JA, Satalofff RT, Hanson JM, et al.Posturographic evidence of non-organic sway pattern in normal subjects, patients and suspected malingers. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997;117:293302.

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  • 13.

    Nasher LN. A model describing vestibular detection of body sway motion. Acta Otolaryngol Scand. 1971;72:429436.

  • 14.

    Jacobson GP, Newman CW. The development of the Dizziness Handicap Inventory. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1990;116:424427.

  • 15.

    McCafffrey TV, Kern ED. Clinical evaluation of nasal obstruction: a study of 1000 patients. Arch Otolaryngol. 1979;105:542545.

  • 16.

    Pallanch JF, JcCaffrey TV, Kern ED. Normal nasal resistance. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1985;93:778785.

  • 17.

    Dworkin SF, Kimberly KH, LeResche L, et al.Epidemiology of signs and symptoms in temporomandibular disorders: clinical signs in cases and controls. J Am Dent Assoc. 1990;120:273281.

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    An epidemiologic study of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in a probability sample of adults enrolled in a major health maintenance organization.

  • 18.

    McNeil C. Epidemiology. In: McNeil C, ed. Temporomandibular Disorders: Guidelines for Classification, Assessment, and Management. 2nd ed. Chicago, Ill: Quintessence Books; 1993.

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    Discusses prevalence of TMD in nonpatient populations and the need to assess chronic pain and headache related to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction.

  • 19.

    Burakoff R. Epidemiology. In: Kaplan AS, Assael LA, eds. Temporomandibular Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 1991.

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    Presents the need for long-term studies of TMJ disorders.

  • 20.

    Carlsson GE, deBoever JA. Epidemiology. In: Zarb GA, ed. Temporomandibular Joint Function and Dysfunction. Copenhagen, Denmark: Munksgaard; 1994.

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    Presents the need for better definition of principles of diagnosis and treatment of TMJ disorders.

  • 21.

    Okeson JP. Current terminology and diagnostic classification schema. deBont LGM. Epidemiology and natural progression of temporomandibular joint intracapsular and arthritic conditions. Stohler CS. Epidemiology and natural progression of muscular temporomandibular disorder conditions. In: NIH Technology Assessment Conference on Management of Temporomandibular Disorders. Bethesda, Md: National Institutes of Dental Research and the NIH Office of Medical Applications of Research,.National Institutes of Health; 1996:2126, 3339.

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    Stresses the need for reliable diagnostic instrumentation compatible with both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

  • 22.

    Norman JE, Bramley P, Painter DM. Medico-legal implications: post-traumatic disorders. In: Norman JE, Bramley P, eds. Textbook and Color Atlas of the Temporomandibular Joint. Chicago, Ill: Year Book Medical Publishers Inc; 1990:134135.

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    A brief commentary on some medicolegal aspects of posttraumatic TMJ disorders.

  • 23.

    Widmer CG. Evaluation of diagnostic tests for TMD. In: Clinics in Physical Therapy: Temporomandibular Disorders. London, England: Churchill Livingstone; 1994.

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    An overview of the reliability and validity of diagnostic tests for TMD.

  • 24.

    Kaplan AS, Assael LA. Temporomandibular Disorders: Diagnosis and Treatment. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders Co; 1991:106117.

  • 25.

    Serby MJ, Chobor KL. Science of olfaction. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 1992: 279584.

  • 26.

    Spielman AI, Brand JG, eds. Experimental Cell Biology of Taste and Olfaction: Current Techniques and Protocol. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press; 1995:15430.

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  • 27.

    Spiegel JR, Frattali M. Olfactory consequences of minor head trauma. In: Mandel S, Sataloff RT, Schapiro SR, eds. Minor Head Trauma: Assessment, Management and Rehabilitation. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 1993:225234.

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  • 28.

    Sataloff RT. Professional Voice: The Science and Art of Clinical Care. 3rd ed. San Diego, Calif: Plural Publishing Inc; 2005.

    An extensive review of the current information on diagnosis and treatment of voice disorders. Data on normative values are limited.

  • 29.

    Colton RH, Casper JK. Understanding Voice Problems: A Physiological Perspective for Diagnosis and Treatment. Baltimore, Md: Williams & Wilkins; 1996.

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  • 30.

    Aronson A. Clinical Voice Disorders. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers; 1990:117145.

  • 31.

    Sataloff RT. The impact of pollution on the voice. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;106:701705.

  • p. 283 32.

    Sataloff RT. Vocal tract response to toxic injury: clinical issues. J Voice. 1994;8:6364.

  • 33.

    Gould WJ, Sataloff RT, Spiegel JR. Voice Surgery. St Louis, Mo: CV Mosby; 1993.

  • 34.

    Hirano M. Clinical Examination of the Voice. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 1981:198.

    Overview of standard methods for clinical examination of the voice.

  • 35.

    Baken RJ. Clinical Measurement of Speech and Voice. Boston, Mass: College-Hill Press; 1987:518.

    Methods of measurement are emphasized.

  • 36.

    Jacobson BH, Johnson A, Grywalski C, et al.The Voice Handicap Index (VHI): Development and Validation. Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 1997;6:6670.

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  • 37.

    Sataloff RT, Mandel S, Manon-Espaillat R, Heman-Ackah YD, Abaza M. Laryngeal Electromyography. 2nd ed. San Diego, Calif: Plural Publishing Inc; 2006.

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